Contaminated Class A Compost  -- Schools  

DAVID LEWIS - ARTICLE ON PATHOGENS IN CLASS A SLUDGE    
Processed sludge from waste treatment plants that is sold as fertilizer for home gardens may harbor disease-causing
fecal organisms, contends Microbiologist David L. Lewis of the Environmental Protection Agency in Athens,Georgia.

EPA's Biosolids
Technology Fact Sheet Use of Composting for Biosolids Management
EPA says its safe, except for the disadvantages

EPA states in "Use of Composting for Biosolids Management"
: Composting is not a sterilization process and a properly composted product maintains an active
population of beneficial microorganisms that compete against the pathogenic members. Under some
conditions, explosive regrowth of pathogenic microorganisms is possible.

TO EPA, waste industry and U. Madison/Wisconsin - response respectfully requested regarding risk from
potentially infectious human and animal prions in both Class A and Class B sewage sludge and effluent


"Class A and EQ - For EQ ("exceptional quality" biosolids the Part 503 requirements to test stored materials
prior to use depends on WHO has control of the stored material.   If the material remains in the control of
the original preparer (directly or indirectly through a contracted processor or applier), the material MUST
BE RETESTED PRIOR TO FINAL USE.  If a preparer gives or sells EQ biosolids to a second party, for instance
a landscaper, who then stores the material before land application, testing for pathogens is not required
under Part 503."

California -- “From a distance, Honey Bucket looks like any other truck yard. Incoming haulers put their load
on a conveyor belt,
where it's mixed with pathogen-killing powders (??) and dropped into truck beds
headed for the fields.  Spreaders fling the mixture high into the air and let it settle on the ground.   (Note:   
This description of pathogen treatment does not comply with any US EPA authorized Class A pathogen
reduction methods described in  40 CFR Part 503

CALIFORNIA – VICTIM SUFFERS DIZZY SPELLS, BREATHING PROBLEMS, BLEEDING SORES ON ARMS AND
FACE, SEVERE SINUS INFECTION, PNEUMONIA/BRONCHITIS FROM EXPOSURE TO CLASS A SEWAGE SLUDGE
BIOSOLIDS COMPOST.

D.C. – AUGUST 2002 – DIRECTOR OF AMERICAN NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOC. GETS STAPHYLOCOCCUS
AUREUS INFECTION OF HIS SKIN FROM CLASS A SLUDGE/COMPOST – RECOMMENDS USE OF DUST MASK
AND GLOVES WHEN HANDLING CLASS A SLUDGE

Indiana – Fort Wayne - heavy metals and fecal coliform in the Class A sludge “biosolids” being distributed
to public ? “The samples in January and June failed the fecal coliform tests but passed for salmonella . . . “

MAINE – NEIGHBORING FARM SPREADS CLASS A SEWAGE SLUDGE – NO PERMIT REQUIRED – ROOSTER AND
TWO HENS DIE, VICTIMS SUFFER HEADACHES AND NAUSEA

MARYLAND – CLASS A SEWAGE SLUDGE SPREAD ON CHILDREN’S PLAYGROUND – KIDS SUFFER
STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS INFECTIONS, SKIN LESIONS, BRONCHIAL PNEUMONIA

NEW BEDFORD, MASS.– UNSTABLE, PATHOGENIC CLASS A SLUDGE COMPOST FROM MERRIMACK, NH, &
BRISTOL, RI, -  HIGH IN FECAL COLIFORM – SPREAD AT MIDDLE SCHOOL, WHICH IS BUILT OVER HAZARDOUS
WASTE DUMP, TO BE OCCUPIED BY YOUNG CHILDREN . .

MANCHESTER UNION LEADER, NH - MAY 24, 2000 - SLUDGE COMPOST SICKENS CHILDREN AND TEACHERS -
BFI SAYS "IT'S NOT SLUDGE ANYMORE" !!

OHIO – TOLEDO – N-VIRO CLASS A SEWAGE SLUDGE – FECAL COLIFORM IN SAMPLE:  “it's the smell.  "It's
like putting your head in a septic tank,'' the Swanton Township  woman said. "It's like ammonia, fish, dead
rats. It makes your throat burn and makes your eyes water."

PENNSYLVANIA – APRIL, 2005 - CLASS A SLUDGE – E-COLI IN WELLS – SMELL SICKENING, EMPLOYEES
COMPLAINING OF HEADACHES AND NAUSEA --
.we have had our State  Rep..Harhart...DEP and Twsp officials
here only to be told Class A has no restrictions and we are to live with it..

WASHINGTON –  GROUNDSKEEPER SUFFERS BLOODY NOSE, FLU-LIKE SYMPTOMS, HEADACHES, RASHES,
DIARRHEA, HAIR LOSS, FATIGUE AND ALLERGY INDUCED ACUTE ASTHMATIC ATTACK AFTER EXPOSURE TO
CLASS A SEWAGE SLUDGE BIOSOLIDS COMPOST

Organic Compost
What’s the difference between  “100% organic compost” and compost that is organic?  If you’re a home
gardener looking at bags of soil amendments on the garden center shelf, the “organic” label means only
one thing: this stuff is good for the soil and therefore good for you.  But if you look on the back of the
package, and happen to have a magnifying lens handy, you might be surprised to find that many of these
“natural organic fertilizers” are composed of “biosolids”, a fancy name for processed sewage sludge.


EPA's original compost studies did not prove compost was safe -- the studies were only distributed to the
12 National Repository Libraries.

1988 EPA Study     Occurrence of Pathogens in Distribution and Marketing Municipal Sludges  
William A. Yanko,  County Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County,
"Although the use of sludge as a soil amendment is attractive, it is not without potential health risks. Toxic
chemicals, including heavy metals and industrial organics, may enter the food chain and present long-term
health risks." significant increases in bacterial populations, including salmonellae, occurred during
subsequent production of commercial soil amendment products.

1988 EPA Study -- Trace Organics and lnorganics in Distribution and Marketing Municipal Sludges
Rodger Baird and Sylva M. Gabrielian,   County Sanitary Districts of Los Angeles County,
Efforts to characterize major unknown organic components were limited to computer comparisons of
GC/MS peaks to the NBS mass spectral library. In none of the cases was a tentative identification made.
Manual review of those components with a high degree of fit with an NBS library compound (>8O%) allowed
probable compound class assignment for many peaks. Virtually all of the major components classified
appeared to be aliphatics or carboxylic acid type compounds. A majority of the sample extracts exhibited a
hydrocarbon "hump" in the ion chromatograms. The peaks reviewed, therefore, were superimposed on this
background. As a result,a significant  portion of the major peaks were multi-component peaks whose
identities remain completely unknown.


SLUDGE BIOSOLIDS COMPOST